Brief History Of Popular Smart Phones Operating System


Smartphones have really changed the way we communicate over the last two decades, one thing that has driven this development is the operating system running on these phones, there are so many of them out there but one trend is common among OS developers. every new operating system being released is designed with new functionalities to give it an edge over the ones in the market.
Thus this is the journey of smartphones operating system.
Android OS

ANDROIDAndroid Inc. a Linux Base Operating System was founded in Palo Alto, Califonia in 2003 by Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears and Chris White. the Operating System was initially intended for Digital Cameras, but five months later its developers decided to switch over and build Android as a handset operating system.

Google acquired Android Inc. in 2005 and HTC Dream became the first commercial smartphone to run on Android, afterwards, other smartphones manufacturers adopted Android as its core mobile OS. Google has continued to improve the operating system by fixing bugs in previous versions, there are many recent releases and each is named after a dessert or sugar. currently Android has the highest installed base of any operating system.

One thing that has made Android thrive is its open source nature and the fact that google play store boast of a huge number of Paid and free Apps.

iOSThough superseded by Android in popularity Apple iOS remains the game changer when it comes to smartphone operating system. Prior to its release in 2007, the world had had nothing like it before, it actually came with lots of first. Apple iOS has remained a closed source project developed by Apple Inc. for its hardware. it’s a multi-purpose operating system which supports iPhone, iPod, and iPod touch. Major versions of iOS are released annually lest I forget Forestall was responsible for the development of iOS.

Just like Android Apple iOS also has its App Store which has over 2.2 million Apps and has been downloaded more than 130 billion times.

Black Berry OS

Blackberry OS (RIM) At the time of this publication Blackberry 10 happens to be the most recent version release, just like Apple iOS the Research in Motion Mobile Operating System is proprietary based, which means that it’s only developed to support BlackBerry Limited Lines of Smart Phones , the Mobile Firmware made its debut in 1999 on Pager BlackBerry 850. Over the years lots of improvement has been made to add new functionality to the OS but its key features like Multitasking, robust security and integrated Email services have continued to evolve. BlackBerry also operates its Apps store (BlackBerry  App World) which boast of a substantial number of Free and Paid Apps.  In 2015 blackberry adopted Alphabet Mobile operating system when it rolled out its first Android-Powered Blackberry Phone (BlackBerry Priv).

Window Mobile

WINDOWS MOBILEStarted out very successful and reaching its peak in 2007 afterwards it's market share began to drop,  Windows Phone Os and Window Mobile Os are two different mobile operating systems developed by Microsoft for smartphones, PDA and Pocket PC.

The operating System made its debut in 2000 when it was introduced as the operating system for Microsoft personal digital assistant (PDA) devices and Pocket PC, the Platform was designed to look and operate just like the desktop version of Microsoft Windows.

Windows Mobile enjoyed huge popularity until 2007 when it started facing competition from rival OSs including Android and iOS. in an effort to regain its previous spot Microsoft announced Window Phone to replace Window Mobile. One setback of these OS was that despite being developed by the same company their software (Apps) was not compatible with each other. Microsoft has continued to name its Window Phone Operating System according to the current Windows desktop operating system, the most recent release is Window 10 Mobile which was released in 2015 to replace Window Phone Mobile.
Symbian Os

SYMBIAN OSFrom 2002 to 2010 the Symbian OS was the most widely used operating system for smartphones until it was overtaken by Android. though Originally developed for PDAS in 1998 by Symbian Ltd. it later became a Mobile Operating System for Smart Phones.

Samsung, Sony Ericsson, Motorola, Sharp and Nokia to name a few were part of the Symbian Ecosystem. despite its popularity, the Apps from different Manufacturers were not compatible with each other due to the fact that each brand was using a different Software Platform despite being build atop Symbian OS, in 2008 Nokia bought Symbian Ltd. after becoming the majority shareholder and the Symbian Foundation was created to outsource and unify the Platform (S60, UIQ, MOAPS Symbian Platforms). the foundation was dissolved when it no longer received support from its members.

The Symbian Platform was Officially discontinued in 2014 after Microsoft ended the platform development in favour of Windows Phone after its acquisition of Nokia.

Bada OS

BADA OS (SAMSUNG OPERATING SYSTEM): Bada aka Ocean in Korean was a mobile device operating system developed by Samsung Electronic for Smartphones and Tablets, the operating system made its first appearance in 2010 on Wave S8500. All Bada powered devices are branded under the wave name, in early 2013 Samsung announces that it will cease developing Bada in favour of Tizen.

Tizen OS

TIZEN OSTizen is an open source operating system which works on a wide range of Samsung devices. The platform is a product of the LiMo foundation created in 2007 which was later renamed Tizen Association in 2012. Despite having Tech giants as Members, Samsung is the only Tizen Member developing the operating System. In 2013 Samsung merged it Bada project into Tizen making it have backward compatibility with Bada.

Samsung has continued to release updates of the OS, as of  Q1 2017 it was the second largest smartwatch platform behind watchOS and ahead of Android Wear.

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